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Karen Filbee-Dexter

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Postdoktor
Telefon: 98215441
Avdeling: Bunnsamfunn

My research focuses on the ecological impacts of climate change and the functioning of the world’s seaweed forests. This includes understanding kelp carbon cycling and storage, regime shifts to sea urchin barrens and turfs, and climate-driven expansion of kelp forests in some Arctic regions. I am working with seaweed cultivators to develop unscaled restoration approaches for kelp forests. I take a broad scale approach to ecology, leading multiple international networks and running comparative field experiments across 3 continents. I co-supervise and mentor 4 PhD and 3 MSc students.

Curriculum Vitae

EXPERTISE AND DISTINCTIONS

Expertise on drivers and patterns of long-term change in coastal ecosystems.

  • Total of 40 scientific publications, 1 book chapter & 1 scientific report, first author on 41% of these publications
  • 1351 citations, H-index of 18, 5 years post-PhD (Google Scholar 22/04/2021)
  • 3 ESI Highly Cited papers (top 1%)

RESEARCH FUNDING

Aug 2021- July 2023: Co-Chief Investigator Schmidt Marine Technology Project. Seeds on wheels – a green gravel solutions to upscaling kelp forest restoration. Institution: UWA. Budget: 200 000 USD

Sept 2021-Sept 2024: Collaborator Fisheries and Oceans Canada Science Contribution. Blue carbon as a Canadian climate change solution: modelling the mitigation potential of kelp under future climate change scenarios. UVIC. Budget: 300 000 CAD

Sept 2021-May 2022: Project investigator. Marine and Coastal Hub RPV1. Quantifying the ecosystem services of the Great Southern Reef. UNSW, UTas, UWA. Budget: 50 000 AUD

Jan 2020-Dec 2022: Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (DECRA) Regime shifts from kelp forests to turfs: drivers, resilience and future. Institution: UWA. Budget: 418 814 AUD

2019- 2022: Chief Investigator in Restoring Blue Forests with Green Gravel. A 3-y Australian Research Council LP. Institution: UWA. Budget: 450 000 AUD

Jul 2019-Jul 2022: Chief Investigator in Turf Wars: fighting the new battle facing blue forests. A 3-y Australian Research Council DP. Institution: UWA. Budget: 777 041 AUD

Jan 2019 – Dec 2021: NSERC Postdoctoral Fellowship. Ranked 8th out of 66 applicants in Ecology and Evolution. Budget: 70 877 CAD

Mar 2019 – Feb 2024: Project Coordinator in ArcticKelp: Fate of kelp forests in a rapidly changing Arctic. Institution: University of Laval. Budget 363 836 CAD

Jan 2018-Dec 2022: Project Lead of BLUECONNECT: A 4-y research project on knowledge-based management of kelp forest resources in South Africa and Norway. Institution: IMR. Budget: 4 000 000 NOK

SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS

¥ = joint first authors. *PhD or MSc student under my supervision.

  1. Bringloe T, Zaparenkov D, Starko S; Grant W, Vieira C, Kawai H, Hanyuda T, Filbee-Dexter K, Klimova A, Klochkova T, Krause-Jensen D, Olesen B, Verbruggen H. Whole genome sequencing reveals forgotten lineages and recurrent hybridizations within the kelp genus Alaria (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology. In press. GCB-21-1881
  2. Schlegel RW, Darmaraki S, Benthuysen JA, Filbee-Dexter K, Oliver ECJ. Marine Cold Spells. Progress in Oceanography. Accepted 2021.
  3. Feehan C, Filbee-Dexter K, Wernberg T (2021) Embrace kelp forests in the coming decade. Science. doi.org/10.1126/science.abl3984
  4. Pessaarrodona A*, Filbee-Dexter K, Krumhansl KA, Moore PJ, Wernberg T (2021) A global dataset of seaweed net primary productivity. bioRxiv.
  5. Alsuwaiyan NA*, Vranken S, Filbee-Dexter K, Cambridge M, Coleman M, Wernberg T (2021) Genotypic variation in response to extreme events may facilitate kelp adaptation under future climates. Marine Ecology Progress Series 672:111-121 doi.org/10.3354/meps13802
  6. leClerc JC, de Bettignies T, de Bettignies F, Christie H, Franco JN, Leroux C, Davoult D, Pedersen MP, Filbee-Dexter K, Wernberg T (2021) Local flexibility in feeding behavior and contrasting microhabitat use of an omnivore across latitudes. Oecologia 196:441-453.
  7. Pessarrodona A*, Filbee-Dexter K, Alcoverro T, Boada J, Feehan C, Fredriksen, S, Grace S P, Nakamura Y, Narvaez CA, Norderhaug KM, Wernberg T (2021) Homogenization and miniaturization of habitat structure in temperate marine forests. Global Change Biology. doi.org/10.1111/gcb.15759
  8. Bosch NE, Wernberg T, Langlois TJ, Stuart-Smith RD, Edgar GJ, Smale DA, Moore PJ, Franco JN, Thiriet P, Feunteun E, Ribeiro C, Neves P, Freitas R, Filbee-Dexter K, Norderhaug KM, Garcıa A, Otero-Ferrer F, Espino F, Haroun R, Tuya F (2021) Rare species, functional entities and evolutionary lineages amplify latitudinal diversity gradients in reef fishes: insights from the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Biogeography. doi.org/10.1111/jbi.14237
  9. Santos IR, Burdige DJ, Jennerjahn TC, Bouillon S, Cabral A, Serrano O, Wernberg T, Filbee-Dexter K, Guimond J, Tamborski JJ (2021) The renaissance of Odum’s outwelling hypothesis in ‘Blue Carbon’ science. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science. 107361.
  10. Filbee-Dexter KWernberg T, Grace SP, Thormar J, Fredriksen S, Narvaez CN, Feehan CJ, Norderhaug KM (2020) Marine heatwaves and the collapse of marginal North Atlantic kelp forests. Scientific Reports 10 13388. doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-70273-x.
  11. Filbee-Dexter KWernberg T (2020) Substantial blue carbon in overlooked Australian kelp forests. Scientific Reports 10: 12341. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-69258-7
  12. Norderhaug KM, Filbee-Dexter K, Freitas C, Birkely SR, Christensen L, et al. 2020. Ecosystem-level effects of large-scale disturbance in kelp forests. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 656, 163-180. doi.org/10.3354/meps13426
  13. Filbee-Dexter K 2020. Ocean forests hold unique solutions to our current environmental crisis. One Earth 2:398-401. doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2020.05.004
  14. Krause-Jensen D, Archambault P, Assis J, Bartsch I, Bischof K, Filbee-Dexter K, Dunton KH, Maximova, O, Ragnarsdóttir SB, Sejr MK and Simakova U (2020) Imprint of climate change on pan-Arctic marine vegetation. Frontiers in Marine Science. doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.617324
  15. Pedersen MF, Filbee-Dexter K, Frisk NL, Sárossy Z, Wernberg, T. (2021). Carbon sequestration potential increased by incomplete anaerobic decomposition of kelp detritus. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 660, 53-67. doi.org/10.3354/meps13613
  16. Ramirez-Llodra E, Pedersen T, Filbee-Dexter K, Hauquier F, Guilini K, Mikkelsen N, Borgersen G, Gyseghem MV, Vanreusel A, Vilas D (2020) Community structure of deep fjord and shelf benthic fauna receiving different detrital kelp inputs in northern Norway. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 103433.
  17. Vilas D, Coll M, Pedersen T, Corrales X, Filbee-Dexter K, Pedersen MF, Norderhaug KM, Fredriksen S, Wernberg T, Ramírez-Llodra E (2020) Kelp-carbon uptake by Arctic deep-sea food webs plays a noticeable role in maintaining ecosystem structural and functional traits. Journal of Marine Systems. 2020 Mar 1;203:103268.
  18. Coleman MA, Wood G, Filbee-Dexter KMinne AJP, Goold HD, Verges A, Marzinelli EM, Steinberg PD, Wernberg T (2020) Restore or redefine: future trajectories for restoration. Frontiers in Marine Science: Marine Conservation and Sustainability 7: 237.
  19. Fredriksen S, Filbee-Dexter K, Norderhaug KM, Steen H, Bodvin T, Coleman MA, Moy F, Wernberg T. 2020. Green gravel: a novel restoration tool to combat kelp forests decline. Scientific Reports SREP-19-11773B
  20. Filbee-Dexter K, Pedersen MF, Fredriksen S, Norderhaug KM, Rinde E, Kristiansen T, Albretsen J, Wernberg T. 2020. Carbon export is facilitated by sea urchins transforming kelp detritus. Oecologia 192:213-225.
  21. Pedersen MF, Filbee-Dexter K, Norderhaug KM, Fredriksen S, Frisk NL, Fagerli CW, Wernberg T. 2020. Detrital carbon production and export in high latitude kelp forests.  Oecologia 192:213-225
  22. Vilas D, Coll M, Pedersen T, Corrales X, Filbee-Dexter K, Pedersen MF, Norderhaug KM, Fredriksen S, Wernberg T, Ramírez-Llodra E. 2020. Kelp-carbon uptake by Arctic deep-sea food webs plays a noticeable role in maintaining ecosystem structural and functional traits. Journal of Marine Systems 203:103268.
  23. Filbee-Dexter K, Smajdor A. 2019. Ethics of assisted evolution in marine conservation. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:20.
  24. Wernberg T, Filbee-Dexter K. 2019. Missing the marine forests for the trees. Marine Ecology Progress Series 8: 17180.
  25. Wernberg T, Filbee-Dexter K. 2019. Grazers extend blue carbon transfer by slowing sinking speeds of kelp detritus. Scientific Reports 8: 17180.
  26. Filbee-Dexter K, Wernberg T, Fredriksen S, Norderhaug KM, Ramirez-Llodra E, Pedersen MF (2019) Arctic kelp forests: resilience and future. Global Planetary Change 172:1-14. [invited review]
  27. Francis FT*¥, Filbee-Dexter K¥, Yan HF, Côté IM (2019). Invertebrate herbivores: Overlooked allies in the recovery of degraded coral reefs? Global Ecology and Conservation e00593.
  28. Wallen KE, Filbee-Dexter K, Pittman JB, et al. (2019) Integrating team science into interdisciplinary graduate education: an exploration of the SESYNC Graduate Pursuit. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 9: 218–233.
  29. Christie H, Gundersen H, Rinde E, Filbee‐Dexter K, Norderhaug KM, Pedersen T, Bekkby T, Gitmark JK, Fagerli CW (2019) Can multitrophic interactions and ocean warming influence large‐scale kelp recovery? Ecology and Evolution 9: 2847-2862.
  30. Filbee-Dexter K, Wernberg T (2018) Rise of turfs: a new battle front of globally declining kelp forests. BioScience. 68: 64–76. [ESI Highly-Cited paper (top 1%)]
  31. Filbee-Dexter K, Wernberg T, Norderhaug KM, Ramirez-Llodra E, Pedersen MF (2018). Movement of pulsed resource subsidies from kelp forests to deep fjords. Oecologia. 187: 291-304 33
  32. Filbee-Dexter K¥, Symons C¥, Jones K, Haig H, Pittman J, Alexander S, Burke M (2018) Quantifying ecological and social drivers of ecological surprise. Journal of Applied Ecology. 55: 2135-2146 [Selected for post in J Appl Ecology Blog]
  33. Scheibling RE, Patriquin D, Filbee-Dexter K (2018) Distribution and abundance of the invasive seagrass Halophila stipulacea and associated benthic macrofauna in Carriacou, Grenadines, Eastern Caribbean. Aquatic Biology.
  34. Filbee-Dexter K, Pittman J, Haig HA, Alexander SM, Symons CC, Burke M (2017) Ecological surprise: concept, synthesis, and social dimensions. Ecosphere 8: e02005. 33
  35. Filbee-Dexter K, Scheibling RE (2017). The present is the key to the past: linking regime shifts in kelp beds to the current distribution of deep-living sea urchins. Ecology 98: 253-264. 33
  36. Filbee-Dexter K, Scheibling RE (2016). Spatial patterns and predictors of drift algal subsidy in deep subtidal environments. Estuaries and Coasts 39: 1724-1734.
  37. Filbee-Dexter K, Feehan CJ, and Scheibling RE (2016). Large-scale degradation of a kelp ecosystem in an ocean warming hotspot. Marine Ecology Progress Series 543: 141-152. [2nd highest cited in MEPS from 2016 to 2018]
  38. Filbee-Dexter K, RE Scheibling (2014) Sea urchin barrens as alternative stable states of collapsed kelp ecosystems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 495: 1–25 [FEATURE ARTICLE, Top cited article in MEPS from 2014 to 2016, ESI Highly-Cited paper (top 1%)*]
  39. Filbee-Dexter K, Scheibling RE (2014) Detrital kelp subsidy supports high reproductive output of deep-living sea urchins in a sedimentary basin. Aquatic Biology 23: 71-86.
  40. Francis FT-Y, Filbee-Dexter K, Scheibling RE (2014) Aggregations of stalked tunicates Boltenia ovifera form biogenic habitat in the rocky subtidal zone in Nova Scotia. Marine Biology 161: 1375–1385
  41. Filbee-Dexter K, Scheibling RE (2012). Hurricane-mediated defoliation of kelp beds and pulsed delivery of kelp detritus to offshore sedimentary habitats. Marine Ecology Progress Series 455: 51-64.

BOOK CHAPTERS

  1. Wernberg T, Krumhansl, K, Filbee-Dexter K, and Pedersen, M. (2019) Status and trends for the world’s kelp forests. In: World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation, Vol III, 2e. Ed. C. Sheppard. Elsevier.

REPORT

  1. Filbee-Dexter K 2016. Distribution and abundance of benthic habitats within the Sambro Ledges Ecologically and Biologically Significant Area. Canadian Technical Report for Fisheries and Aquatic Science 3190: vi+ 26p.

SCIENCE COMMUNICATION

Policy

  • United Nations Environmental Program- Lead Science Editor of 2021 UNEP Report on Kelp Forests
  • Australian National Ocean Account. Scientific expert and data contributor for Kelp Forest Component. Centre of Environmental and Satellite Accounts, Physical Environment Accounts and Statistics Branch, Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2021.
  • Norwegian National Policy brief. Co-author. Further loss of blue forests will have a ripple effect on biodiversity. https://nbfn.no/policy_brief21/. 2021

NGO

  • Conservation International. The Blue Carbon Initiative. Consultant. Developing kelp as a blue carbon ecosystem. 2020-2021
  • The Nature Conservancy. Guidebook for Kelp Restoration. Collaborator. 2020-2021

Popular science articles, opinion pieces, blogs and public outreach

  1. Berge J, Filbee-Dexter K, Duarte C, Krause-Jensen D, Howland K, Archambault P. 2020. Arctic Ocean: climate change is flooding the remote north with light – and new species. The Conversation Oceans 21. https://theconversation.com/arctic-ocean-climate-change-is-flooding-the-remote-north-with-light-and-new-species-150157 (popular science article)
  2. Filbee-Dexter K, 2019. Underwater Arctic forests are expanding with rapid warming. The Conversation Canada. https://theconversation.com/underwater-arctic-forests-are-expanding-with-rapid-warming-113016 (popular science article)
  3. Wernberg T, Filbee-Dexter K. 2018. Opinion: Part of our ocean is dying. The Washington Post. 23/10/2018 https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/theworldpost/wp/2018/10/23/ocean/ (opinion piece)
  4. ArcticKelp Canada: kelp forests in a changing Arctic. (www.arctickelp.ca/blog) (science blog)
  5. KELPEX. Kelp export: fuel for adjacent communities in changing arctic ecosystems (www.kelpex.org/blog) (science blog)
  6. NBFN Blue Forest Week. 2020-2021. Outreach event through Norwegian Blue Forest Network. Organization Committee. (public outreach event)

Publikasjoner

Vitenskapelige artikler (NVI)

2024

Carbon export from seaweed forests to deep ocean sinks

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Albert Pessarrodona, Morten F. Pedersen, Thomas Wernberg, Carlos M. Duarte, Jorge Manuel Ferreira de Assis, Trine Bekkby, Michael T. Burrows, Daniel F. Carlson, Jean-Pierre Gattuso, Hege Gundersen, Kasper Hancke, Kira A. Krumhansl, Tomohiro Kuwae, Jack J. Middelburg, Pippa J. Moore, Ana M. Queirós, Dan A. Smale, Isabel Sousa-Pinto, Nobuhiro Suzuki, Dorte Krause-Jensen
Nature Geoscience
2024

Upscaling marine forest restoration: challenges, solutions and recommendations from the Green Gravel Action Group

Georgina Valentine Wood, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Melinda Ann Coleman, Jurgen Valckenaere, J. David Aguirre, Paige M. Bentley, Paul Carnell, Phoebe Damayanthi Dawkins, Lauren N. Dykman, Hannah S. Earp, Leeann B. Ennis, Prue Francis, João N. Franco, Hilary Hayford, Joleah B. Lamb, Scott Douglas Ling, Cayne Layton, Ella Lis, Beau Masters, Nicole Miller, Pippa Jane Moore, Chris Neufeld, Jacqueline B. Pocklington, Dan Smale, Florian Stahl, Samuel Starko, S. Clay Steel, Jan Verbeek, Adriana Vergés, Catherine M. Wilding, Thomas Wernberg
Frontiers in Marine Science 11
2024

The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List does not account for intraspecific diversity

Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Halvor Knutsen, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Marte Sodeland, Per Erik Jorde, Thomas Wernberg, Rebekah Alice Oomen, Even Moland
ICES Journal of Marine Science
2024

Marine protected areas can be useful but are not a silver bullet for kelp conservation

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Samuel Starko, Albert Pessarrodona, Georgina Wood, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Cristina Piñeiro-Corbeira, Thomas Wernberg
Journal of Phycology 60 p. 203-213
2024

Temperature sensitivity of detrital photosynthesis

Luka Seamus Wright, Taylor Simpkins, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg
Annals of Botany 133 p. 17-28
2024

Seafloor primary production in a changing Arctic Ocean

Karl Attard, Rakesh Kumar Singh, Jean-Pierre Gattuso, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Dorte Krause-Jensen, Michael Kühl, Mikael K. Sejr, Philippe Archambault, Marcel Babin, Simon Bélanger, Peter Berg, Ronnie N. Glud, Kasper Hancke, Stefan Jänicke, Jing Qin, Søren Rysgaard, Esben B. Sørensen, Foucaut Tachon, Frank Wenzhöfer, Mathieu Ardyna
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 121
2024

Carbon removal and climate change mitigation by seaweed farming: A state of knowledge review

Albert Pessarrodona, Jennifer Howard, Emily Pidgeon, Thomas Wernberg, Karen Filbee-Dexter
Science of the Total Environment 918
2024

Substantial kelp detritus exported beyond the continental shelf by dense shelf water transport

Mirjam van der Mheen, Thomas Wernberg, Charitha Pattiaratchi, Albert Pessarrodona, Ivica Janekovic, Taylor Simpkins, Renae Hovey, Karen Filbee-Dexter
Scientific Reports 14
2024

Impacts of Climate Change on Marine Foundation Species

Thomas Wernberg, Mads S. Thomsen, Julia K. Baum, Melanie J. Bishop, John F. Bruno, Melinda A. Coleman, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Karine Gagnon, Qiang He, Daniel Murdiyarso, Kerrylee Rogers, Brian R. Silliman, Dan A. Smale, Samuel Starko, Mathew A. Vanderklift
Annual Review of Marine Science 16 p. 247-282
2023

The Kelp Forest Challenge: A collaborative global movement to protect and restore 4 million hectares of kelp forests

Aaron Matthius Eger, J. David Aguirre, María Altamirano, Nur Arafeh-Dalmau, Nina Larissa Arroyo, Anne M. Bauer-Civiello, Rodrigo Beas-Luna, Trine Bekkby, Scott Bennett, Blanca Bernal, Caitlin O. Blain, Jordi Boada, Simon Branigan, Jasmine Bursic, Bruno Cevallos, ChangGeun Choi, Sean D. Connell, Christopher Edward, Hannah Scarlett Earp, Norah Eddy, Aaron Matthius, Lee-Ann Ennis, Annalisa Falace, Ana Margarida Ferreira, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Hunter Forbes, Prue Francis, Joao N. Franco, Karen Gray Geisler, Anita Giraldo-Ospina, Alejandra V. Gonzalez, Swati Hingorani, Rietta Hohman, Ljiljana Iveša, Sara Kaleb, John P. Keane, Sophie J. I. Koch, Kira Krumhansl, Lydia Ladah, Dallas J. Lafont, Cayne Layton, Duong Minh Le, Lynn Chi Lee, Scott D. Ling, Steve I. Lonhart, Luis Malpica-Cruz, Luisa Mangialajo, Amy McConnell, Tristin Anoush McHugh, Fiorenza Micheli, Kelsey Irene Miller, Margalida Monserrat, Juan Montes-Herrera, Bernabé Moreno, Christopher J. Neufeld, Shane Orchard, Betsy Peabody, Ohad Peleg, Albert Pessarrodona, Jacqueline B. Pocklington, Simon E. Reeves, Aurora M. Ricart, Finnley Ross, Federica Romina Schanz, Maria Schreider, Mohammad Sedarat, Shannen M. Smith, Samuel Starko, Elisabeth M. A. Strain, Laura Tamburello, Brian Timmer, Jodie E. Toft, Roberto A. Uribe, Sander W. K. van den Burg, Julio A. Vásquez, Reina J. Veenhof, Thomas Wernberg, Georgina Wood, José Alberto Zepeda-Domínguez, Adriana Vergès
Journal of Applied Phycology
2023

Recovery of algal turfs following removal

Albert Pessarrodona, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg
Marine Environmental Research 192
2023

Carbon sequestration and climate change mitigation using macroalgae: a state of knowledge review

Albert Pessarrodona, Rita M. Franco-Santos, Luka Seamus Wright, Mathew A. Vanderklift, Jennifer Howard, Emily Pidgeon, Thomas Wernberg, Karen Filbee-Dexter
Biological Reviews
2023

Seaweed forests are carbon sinks that may help mitigate CO2 emissions: a comment on Gallagher et al. (2022)

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Albert Pessarrodona, Carlos M. Duarte, Dorte Krause-Jensen, Kasper Hancke, Daniel Smale, Thomas Wernberg
ICES Journal of Marine Science
2023

Increasing depth distribution of Arctic kelp with increasing number of open water days with light

Laura Castro de la Guardia, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Jillian Reimer, Kathleen A. MacGregor, Ignacio Garrido, Rakesh K. Singh, Simon Bélanger, Brenda Konar, Katrin Iken, Ladd E. Johnson, Philippe Archambault, Mikael K. Sejr, Janne Søreide, C.J. Mundy
Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene 11
2023

Potential role of seaweeds in climate change mitigation

Finnley W.R. Ross, Philip W. Boyd, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kenta Watanabe, Alejandra Ortega, Dorte Krause-Jensen, Catherine Lovelock, Calvyn F.A. Sondak, Lennart T. Bach, Carlos M. Duarte, Oscar Serrano, John Beardall, Patrick Tarbuck, Peter I. Macreadie
Science of the Total Environment 885
2023

Smaller plants in warmer water: implications for future kelp forests

Thomas Wernberg, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Hartvig Christie, Karen Filbee-Dexter
Marine Ecology Progress Series
2022

Intergrading reef communities across discrete seaweed habitats in a temperate–tropical transition zone: Lessons for species reshuffling in a warming ocean

Yannick Mulders, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Sahira Bell, Nestor E. Bosch, Albert Pessarrodona, Defne Sahin, Sofie Vranken, Salvador Zarco-Perello, Thomas Wernberg
Ecology and Evolution 12
2022

Arctic marine forest distribution models showcase potentially severe habitat losses for cryophilic species under climate change

Trevor T. Bringloe, David P. Wilkinson, Jesica Goldsmit, Amanda M. Savoie, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kathleen A. Macgregor, Kimberly L. Howland, Christopher W. McKindsey, Heroen Verbruggen
Global Change Biology 28 p. 3711-3727
2022

Sea Ice and Substratum Shape Extensive Kelp Forests in the Canadian Arctic

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kathleen A. MacGregor, Camille Lavoie, Ignacio Garrido, Jesica Goldsmit, Laura Castro de la Guardia, Kimberly L. Howland, Ladd E. Johnson, Brenda Konar, Christopher W. McKindsey, Christopher J. Mundy, Robert W. Schlegel, Philippe Archambault
Frontiers in Marine Science 9
2022

Leveraging the blue economy to transform marine forest restoration

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg, Rodolfo Barreiro, Melinda A. Coleman, Thibaut de Bettignies, Colette J. Feehan, Joao N. Franco, Berit Hasler, Ines Louro, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Peter A. U. Staehr, Fernando Tuya, Jan Verbeek
Journal of Phycology 58 p. 198-207
2022

Global estimates of the extent and production of macroalgal forests

Carlos M. Duarte, Jean-Pierre Gattuso, Kasper Hancke, Hege Gundersen, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Morten Foldager Pedersen, J.J. Middelburg, Michael T. Burrows, Kira A. Krumhansl, Thomas Wernberg, Pippa J. Moore, Albert Pessarrodona, Sarah Ørberg, Isabel Sousa Pinto, Jorge Assis, Ana M. Queirós, Dan A Smale, Trine Bekkby, Ester A. Serrão, Dorte Krause-Jensen
Global Ecology and Biogeography 31 p. 1422-1439
2022

Kelp carbon sink potential decreases with warming due to accelerating decomposition

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Colette J. Feehan, Dan A. Smale, Kira A. Krumhansl, Skye Augustine, Florian de Bettignies, Michael T. Burrows, Jarrett E.K. Byrnes, Jillian Campbell, Dominique Davoult, Kenneth H. Dunton, Joao N. Franco, Ignacio Garrido, Sean P. Grace, Kasper Hancke, Ladd E. Johnson, Brenda Konar, Pippa J. Moore, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Alasdair O'Dell, Morten F. Pedersen, Anne K. Salomon, Isabel Sousa-Pinto, Scott Tiegs, Dara Yiu, Thomas Wernberg
PLoS Biology 20
2022

Operationalizing marketable blue carbon

Peter I. Macreadie, Alistar I. Robertson, Bernadette Spinks, Matthew P. Adams, Jennifer M. Atchison, Justine Bell-James, Brett A. Bryan, Long Chu, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Lauren Drake, Carlos M. Duarte, Daniel A. Friess, Felipe Gonzalez, R. Quentin Grafton, Kate J. Helmstedt, Melanie Kaebernick, Jeffrey Kelleway, Gary A. Kendrick, Hilary Kennedy, Catherine E. Lovelock, J. Patrick Megonigal, Damien T. Maher, Emily Pidgeon, Abbie A. Rogers, Rob Sturgiss, Stacey M. Trevathan-Tackett, Melissa Wartman, Kerrie A. Wilson, Kerrylee Rogers
One Earth 5 p. 485-492
2022

Green gravel as a vector of dispersal for kelp restoration

Nahlah A. Alsuwaiyan, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Sofie Vranken, Celina Burkholz, Marion Cambridge, Melinda A. Coleman, Thomas Wernberg
Frontiers in Marine Science 9
2022

Habitat configurations shape the trophic and energetic dynamics of reef fishes in a tropical–temperate transition zone: implications under a warming future

Nestor E. Bosch, Albert Pessarrodona, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Fernando Tuya, Yannick Mulders, Sahira Bell, Tim Langlois, Thomas Wernberg
Oecologia 200 p. 455-470
2022

Efficient spatial kelp biomass estimations using acoustic methods

Kyrre Heldal Kartveit, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Henning Steen, Lene Christensen, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug
Frontiers in Marine Science 9
2022

Whole genome population structure of North Atlantic kelp confirms high-latitude glacial refugia

Trevor T Bringloe, Antoine Fort, Masami Inaba, Ronan Sulpice, Cliodhna Ní Ghriofa, Agnes Mols-Mortensen, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Christophe Vieira, Hiroshi Kawai, Takeaki Hanyuda, Dorte Krause- Jensen, Birgit Olesen, Samuel Starko, Heroen Verbruggen
Molecular Ecology 31 p. 6473-6488
2022

Global seaweed productivity

Albert Pessarrodona, Jorge Assis, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Michael T. Burrows, Jean-Pierre Gattuso, Carlos M. Duarte, Dorte Krause-Jensen, Pippa J. Moore, Dan A. Smale, Thomas Wernberg
Science Advances 8
2021

Whole-genome sequencing reveals forgotten lineages and recurrent hybridizations within the kelp genus Alaria (Phaeophyceae)

Trevor T. Bringloe, Dani Zaparenkov, Samuel Starko, William Stewart Grant, Christophe Vieira, Hiroshi Kawai, Takeaki Hanyuda, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Anna Klimova, Tatyana A. Klochkova, Dorte Krause-Jensen, Birgit Olesen, Heroen Verbruggen
Journal of Phycology 57 p. 1721-1738
2021

Niche and neutral assembly mechanisms contribute to latitudinal diversity gradients in reef fishes

Nestor E. Bosch, Thomas Wernberg, Tim J. Langlois, Dan A Smale, Pippa J. Moore, João N Franco, Pierre Thiriet, Eric Feunteun, Cláudia Ribeiro, Pedro Neves, Rui Freitas, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Alvaro Garcıa, Francisco Otero-Ferrer, Fernando Espino, Ricardo Haroun, Natali Lazzari, Fernando Tuya
Journal of Biogeography 48 p. 2683-2698
2021

Carbon sequestration potential increased by incomplete anaerobic decomposition of kelp detritus

Morten Foldager Pedersen, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Nikolai Lond Frisk, Zsuzsa Sárossy, Thomas Wernberg
Marine Ecology Progress Series 660 p. 53-67
2021

Genotypic variation in response to extreme events may facilitate kelp adaptation under future climates

Nahlah A. Alsuwaiyan, Sofie Vranken, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Marion Cambridge, Melinda A. Coleman, Thomas Wernberg
Marine Ecology Progress Series 672 p. 111-121
2021

Kelp in the Eastern Canadian Arctic: Current and Future Predictions of Habitat Suitability and Cover

Jesica Goldsmit, Robert W. Schlegel, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kathleen A. MacGregor, Ladd E. Johnson, Christopher J. Mundy, Amanda M. Savoie, Christopher W. McKindsey, Kimberly L. Howland, Philippe Archambault
Frontiers in Marine Science 18
2021

Future trajectories of change for an Arctic deep-sea ecosystem connected to coastal kelp forests

Daniel Vilas, Marta Coll, Torstein Pedersen, Xavier Corrales, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg
Restoration Ecology 29
2021

Local flexibility in feeding behaviour and contrasting microhabitat use of an omnivore across latitudes

Jean-Charles Leclerc, Thibaut de Bettignies, Florian de Bettignies, Hartvig Christie, João N Franco, Cédric Leroux, Dominique Davoult, Morten F Pedersen, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg
Oecologia 196 p. 441-453
2021

The renaissance of Odum's outwelling hypothesis in 'Blue Carbon' science

Isaac R. Santos, David J. Burdige, Tim C. Jennerjahn, Steven Bouillon, Alex Cabral, Oscar Serrano, Thomas Wernberg, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Julia A. Guimond, Joseph J. Tamborski
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 255 p. 1-11
2021

Homogenization and miniaturization of habitat structure in temperate marine forests

Albert Pessarrodona, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Teresa Alcoverro, Jordi Boada, Colette J. Feehan, Stein Fredriksen, Sean P. Grace, Yohei Nakamura, Carla A. Narvaez, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Thomas Wernberg
Global Change Biology
2021

Marine cold-spells

Robert W. Schlegel, Sofia Darmaraki, Jessica A. Benthuysen, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Eric C.J. Oliver
Progress in Oceanography 198
2020

Carbon export is facilitated by sea urchins transforming kelp detritus

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Morten Foldager Pedersen, Stein Fredriksen, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Eli Rinde, Trond Kristiansen, Jon Albretsen, Thomas Wernberg
Oecologia 192 p. 213-225
2020

Restore or redefine: Future trajectories for restoration

Melinda Ann Coleman, Georgina Wood, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Antoine J.P. Minne, Hugh Douglas Goold, Adriana Vergés, Ezequiel Miguel Marzinelli, Peter David Steinberg, Thomas Wernberg
Frontiers in Marine Science 7 p. 1-12
2020

Kelp-carbon uptake by Arctic deep-sea food webs plays a noticeable role in maintaining ecosystem structural and functional traits

Daniel Vilas, Marta Coll, Torstein Pedersen, Xavier Corrales, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Morten Foldager Pedersen, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Stein Fredriksen, Thomas Wernberg, Eva Ramirez-Llodra
Journal of Marine Systems 203
2020

Detrital carbon production and export in high latitude kelp forests

Morten Foldager Pedersen, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Stein Fredriksen, Nicolai Lond Frisk, Camilla With Fagerli, Thomas Wernberg
Oecologia 192 p. 227-239
2020

Substantial blue carbon in overlooked Australian kelp forests

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg
Scientific Reports 10
2020

Green gravel: a novel restoration tool to combat kelp forests decline

Stein Fredriksen, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Henning Steen, Torjan Bodvin, Melinda A. Coleman, Frithjof Emil Moy, Thomas Wernberg
Scientific Reports 10 p. 1-7
2020

Marine heatwaves and the collaps of marginal North Atlantic kelp forests

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg, S.P. Grace, Jonas Thormar, Stein Fredriksen, C.N. Narvaez, C.J. Feehan, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug
Scientific Reports 10
2020

Community structure of deep fjord and shelf benthic fauna receiving different detrital kelp inputs in northern Norway

Eva Ramirez-Llodra, Torstein Pedersen, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Freija Hauquier, Katja Guilini, Nina Mikkelsen, Gunhild Borgersen, Margo van Gyseghem, Ann Vanreusel, Daniel Vilas
Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 168
2020

Ecosystem-level effects of large-scale disturbance in kelp forests

KM Norderhaug, K Filbee-Dexter, Carla Freitas, Sten Richard Birkely, Lene Christensen, Ida Kristin Mellerud, Jonas Thormar, Thijs Christiaan van Son, Frithjof Emil Moy, M. Vázquez Alonso, Henning Steen
Marine Ecology Progress Series 656 p. 163-180
2020

Imprint of Climate Change on Pan-Arctic Marine Vegetation

Dorte Krause-Jensen, Philippe Archambault, Jorge Assis, Inka Bartsch, Kai Bischof, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kenneth H. Dunton, Olga Maximova, Sunna Björk Ragnarsdóttir, Mikael K Sejr, Uliana Simakova, Vassily Spiridonov, Susse Wegeberg, Mie H. S. Winding, Carlos M. Duarte
Frontiers in Marine Science 7 p. 1-27
2019

Arctic kelp forests: Diversity, resilience and future

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg, Stein Fredriksen, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Morten Foldager Pedersen
Global and Planetary Change 172 p. 1-14
2019

Can multitrophic interactions and ocean warming influence large-scale kelp recovery?

Hartvig Christie, Hege Gundersen, Eli Rinde, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Torstein Pedersen, Trine Bekkby, Janne K Gitmark, Camilla W Fagerli
Ecology and Evolution 9 p. 2847-2862
2019

Missing the marine forest for the trees

Thomas Wernberg, Karen Filbee-Dexter
Marine Ecology Progress Series p. 209-215
2019

Invertebrate herbivores: Overlooked allies in the recovery of degraded coral reefs?

Fiona T. Francis, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Helen F. Yan, Isabelle M. Côté
Global Ecology and Conservation 17
2019

Ethics of Assisted Evolution in Marine Conservation

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Anna Smajdor
Frontiers in Marine Science 6
2018

Distribution and abundance of the invasive seagrass Halophila stipulacea and associated benthic macrofauna in Carriacou, Grenadines, Eastern Caribbean

Robert E. Scheibling, David G Patriquin, Karen Filbee-Dexter
Aquatic Botany 144 p. 1-8
2018

Movement of pulsed resource subsidies from kelp forests to deep fjords

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Eva Ramirez-Llodra, Morten Foldager Pedersen
Oecologia 187 p. 291-304
2018

Rise of Turfs: A New Battlefront for Globally Declining Kelp Forests

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg
BioScience 68 p. 64-76
2018

Grazers extend blue carbon transfer by slowing sinking speeds of kelp detritus

Thomas Wernberg, Karen Filbee-Dexter
Scientific Reports 8 p. 1-7
2018

Quantifying ecological and social drivers of ecological surprise

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Celia C. Symons, Kristal Jones, Heather A. Haig, Jeremy Pittman, Steven M. Alexander, Matthew J. Burke
Journal of Applied Ecology 55 p. 2135-2146
2017

Ecological surprise: concept, synthesis, and social dimensions

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Jeremy Pittman, Heather A. Haig, Steven M. Alexander, Celia C. Symons, Matthew J. Burke
Ecosphere 8
2017

The present is the key to the past: linking regime shifts in kelp beds to the distribution of deep-living sea urchins

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Robert E. Scheibling
Ecology 98 p. 253-264
2016

Distribution and abundance of benthic habitats within the Sambro Ledges Ecologically and Biologically Significant Area

Filbee-Dexter, Karen
Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

Annet tidsskriftbidrag

2024

Correction to: The Kelp Forest Challenge: A collaborative global movement to protect and restore 4 million hectares of kelp forests (Journal of Applied Phycology, (2023), 10.1007/s10811-023-03103-y)

Aaron Eger, J. David Aguirre, María Altamirano, Nur Arafeh‑Dalmau, Nina Larissa Arroyo, Anne M. Bauer‑Civiello, Rodrigo Beas‑Luna, Trine Bekkby, Alecia Bellgrove, Scott Bennett, Blanca Bernal, Caitlin O. Blain, Jordi Boada, Simon Branigan, Jasmine Bursic, Bruno Cevallos, ChangGeun Choi, Sean D. Connell, Christopher Edward Cornwall, Hannah Scarlett Earp, Norah Eddy, Lee‑Ann Ennis, Annalisa Falace, Ana Margarida Ferreira, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Hunter Forbes, Prue Francis, Joao N. Franco, Karen Gray Geisler, Anita Giraldo‑Ospina, Alejandra V. Gonzalez, Swati Hingorani, Rietta Hohman, Ljiljana Iveša, Sara Kaleb, John P. Keane, Sophie J. I. Koch, Kira Krumhansl, Lydia Ladah, Dallas J. Lafont, Cayne Layton, Duong Minh Le, Lynn Chi Lee, Scott D. Ling, Steve I. Lonhart, Luis Malpica‑Cruz, Luisa Mangialajo, Amy McConnell, Tristin Anoush McHugh, Fiorenza Micheli, Kelsey Irene Miller, Margalida Monserrat, Juan Montes‑Herrera, Bernabé Moreno, Christopher J. Neufeld, Shane Orchard, Betsy Peabody, Ohad Peleg, Albert Pessarrodona, Jacqueline B. Pocklington, Simon E. Reeves, Aurora M. Ricart, Finnley Ross, Federica Romina Schanz, Maria Schreider, Mohammad Sedarat, Shannen M. Smith, Samuel Starko, Elisabeth M. A. Strain, Laura Tamburello, Brian Timmer, Jodie E. Toft, Roberto A. Uribe, Sander W. K. van den Burg, Julio A. Vásquez, Reina J. Veenhof, Thomas Wernberg, Georgina Wood, José Alberto Zepeda‑Dominguez, Adriana Vergès
Journal of Applied Phycology 36 p. 965-967
2021

Corrigendum: Imprint of Climate Change on Pan-Arctic Marine Vegetation (Front. Mar. Sci, (2020), 7, (617324), 10.3389/fmars.2020.617324)

Dorte Krause-Jensen, Philippe Archambault, Jorge Assis, Inka Bartsch, Kai Bischof, Karen Filbee-Dexter, K Dunton, Olga Maximova, Sunna Björk Ragnarsdóttir, Mikael K Sejr, Uliana Simakova, Vassily Spiridonov, Susse Wegeberg, Mie S. Winding, Carlos M. Duarte
Frontiers in Marine Science 8
2021

Embrace kelp forests in the coming decade

Colette J. Feehan, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg
Science 373 p. 863
2020

Ocean Forests Hold Unique Solutions to Our Current Environmental Crisis

Filbee-Dexter, Karen
One Earth 2 p. 398-401
2020

Author Correction: Substantial blue carbon in overlooked Australian kelp forests (Scientific Reports, (2020), 10, 1, (12341), 10.1038/s41598-020-69258-7)

Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg
Scientific Reports 10

Faglige foredrag

2023

The Value of the World’s Kelp Forests

Thomas Wernberg, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Kasper Hancke
2023

Valuation methods and evidence for ecosystem services from kelp forests

Johanna Zimmerhanckle, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Thomas Wernberg
2023

The value of kelp forests for supporting fisheries

Cristina Pineiro-Corbeira, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Thomas Wernberg
2018

Tare i tiden

Hege Gundersen, Guri Sogn Andersen, Trine Bekkby, Hartvig C Christie, Camilla With Fagerli, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Helene Frigstad, Janne Kim Gitmark, Kasper Hancke, Maia Røst Kile, Siri Røang Moy, Eva Ramirez-Llodra, Eli Rinde, Lise Ann Tveiten, Mats Gunnar Walday
2017

Carbon pathways for Nordic kelp forests

Kasper Hancke, Hege Gundersen, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Eli Rinde, Helene Frigstad, Guri Sogn Andersen, Trine Bekkby

Rapporter og avhandlinger

2023

Into the Blue: Securing a Sustainable Future for Kelp Forests

Maria Potouroglou, Karen Filbee-Dexter, Steven Lutz, Gabriel Grimsditch, Linda Jonsson, Gunnar Sander, Hege Gundersen, Thomas Wernberg, Alejandro H. Buschmann, Kira Krumhansl, Kyle Cavanaugh, Dan Smale, Mads Thomsen, Connel Fullenkamp, Erika Techera, Jurgen Valckenaere, Marianne Karlsson, Aaron M. Eger, Adriana Verges, Zi-Min Hu, Ti Feng Shan, Kasper Hancke, Abbie A. Rogers, Albertus J. Smit, Anne-Marie Jackson, Atsushi Watanabe, Brendan Flack, Camille Lavoie, Carine Meyer-Rodrigues, Carlos Duarte, Christopher D. Hepburn, Colette Feehan, Daisuke Fujita, Frode Sundnes, Froukje Maria Platjouw, Gaya Gnanalingam, Helena Isabel Rodrigues, Jan Verbeek, Jeong Ha Kim, Johanna Zimmerhackel, John J. Bolton, Jose Lucas Perez-Llorens, Julio Lorda, Julio A. Vasquez, Kathryn Schoenrock-Rossiter, Katia Frangoudes, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Lucy Greenhill, Margot Hessing-Lewis, Nathan King, Paal Bakken, Pippa Moore, Rebecca Martone, Rodrigo Beas-Luna, Scott Bennet, Thibaut de Bettignies, Tibor Vegh, Trevor Bringloe, Trine Bekkby, Wendy Nelson
2023

Chapter 2 Status, trends and future projections. Into the Blue: Securing a Sustainable Future for Kelp Forests. United Nations Environment Programme, 144 p. United Nations Environment Programme Report DEP/2505/NA, ISBN 978-92-807-4007-3.

K Cavanaugh, Kira Krumhansl, AH Buschmann, Thomas Wernberg, R Beas-Luna, Trine Bekkby, S Bennett, J Bolton, T Bringloe, C Feehan, Karen Filbee-Dexter, M Hessing-Lewis, JH Kim, J Lorda, R Martone, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug
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